The Creation process of 4 Pioneering architects in modern architecture

Le Corbusier, Mies van der Rohe, Frank Lloyd Wright and Louis Kahn are four of the greatest architects to date. Let’s take a look at the creative process of the top 4 architects of modern architecture and explain why their works and methods still strongly influence us.

Architecture always stands between the brink of reason and art. When studying architecture, it is rare that we only have a single approach, leading to countless results and methods of designing a building. However, to find our own stance, we need to look back at the logic and philosophies that pioneering architects – who had a strong influence on architecture before us – left behind.

Le Corbusier and the “Design Program”

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Architect Le Corbusier

Le Corbusier once said: “A house is a machine to live in.” The great architect has a very scientific and rational approach when starting his creative process. Unaffected by anyone in the past, the architect always starts with one way: he contemplates the design program.

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Villa Savoye. Photo © Yo GomiThe Swiss-born French architect believes: “to create architecture is to create order. Create order for what? Function and object. ” In fact, Le Corbusier has always distinguished and defined the ‘organ’, or function, in different terms. These individual entities fuse and form a design project.However, his creative process does not stop here. He sees circulation and structure as factors. For him, the estate was part of a master plan. No matter how it works or what the end result will be, Le Corbusier always starts her process by understanding three main entities: organ, structure and circulation.

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High Court, Chandigarh, India. Photo © GB Pandey

Later, the theory of the architect has strongly developed through 5 famous building principles. “Modern life always requires, and always waits for, a new plan, a new modern architecture,” said Le Corbusier. The bearing walls were taken down and replaced with a pilotis generation, radically releasing floors and landscapes. This ensures a high degree of flexibility of the interior, and a rich variety of spatial and ambient layout. A roof garden replaces the lost space on the ground. Finally, when the supporting walls are gone, the windows on the facade extend horizontally, allowing light to flow into the building. “Light shows structure, at the same time it gives a sense of place,” Le Corbusier said.

Mies van der Rohe and the endless journey to the truth

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Architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe

Architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe is the inspiration of many people. During his time, German-American architects had many opportunities to experience with many perspectives and many types of architecture. He has changed his design method at least 5 times in his life, creating many different architectural styles.

In his early years, the architect came to architecture by defending standards, and he spent the years of minimalism, an era that honors material at the core of architecture, and eventually created himself. give yourself a very spiritual and philosophical method. However, in his changes, the architect is constantly looking for the question of his time. He does not stop solving problems and looking for solutions with the term he thought up – ‘truth of the era’.

KTS said. “Architecture is the will of an era that wants to be immersed in space.” The non-stop change in thinking of the architect stems from his tireless journey of searching for truth. As times change, problems change, and architects begin to wonder about completely different things. For him, the answers to the time’s outstanding problems can be answered through architecture.

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Chicago Federal Center. Photo © BMDescending architecture in its purest form, Mies van der Rohe observed from afar to see a larger context on modern architecture. Although very rational, he still asserted that this is a philosophical problem, related to the context of the times. The architects shared: “The structures of the previous era are of importance not because they are architectural achievements, but because of the circumstances. Ancient temples, Roman churches, medieval houses, all of these structures are not the result of an individual, but the creation of the entire era. ”
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Farnsworth House. Photo © Prints & Photographs DivisionArchitecture – as a whole – implies that structure and form are always linked. Finally, his theoretical method deals with how elements in composition are linked. “Architecture begins when we carefully put the two bricks together. Then there begins to be: “the veracity of the form, the value of the function, and the nature of the material.Frank Lloyd Wright and the Spacetime fusion

Architect Frank Lloyd WrightIn an interview with Mike Wallace in 1957, architect Frank Lloyd Wright shared his vision: “The answer lies in yourself, within the nature of what you express yourself. When God says ‘The kingdom of God is within you’, I think architecture is the same. Architecture lies there, humanity lies there, and our future will lie there. ”Wright is considered a multi-talented hero of American architecture with a philosophy that he calls “organic architecture” on futuristic modern architecture. This philosophy stems from the natural world, not an imitation but reinterpretation of nature through the absorption of logic that promotes natural space.

 Fallingwater. Image © Pablo Sanchez Martin
Fallingwater. Photo © Pablo Sanchez MartinAccording to the architect, organic architecture is a structure developed based on a specific rationality, which can be connected to space and time. Like a system, this theory consists of closely related components, in other words, the building and the site are two entities intersecting with a continuous, unbreakable space – This space only collapses when one of the two entities is deleted.To the architect – who said that “I believe in God, I just spelled that word as Nature” – architecture should be considered a living being immersed in the land, and a building should integrate into the times of its own, whatever the era, for the convenience of humans to use space. This can only be achieved when humans connect with nature.

Frank Lloyd Wright Home Studio. Ảnh © American Building Survey

Frank Lloyd Wright Home Studio. Photo © American Building SurveyWhatever the project, Wright’s innovative approach has always been toward an organic approach. “A good project has to be good at the beginning and the end, because all good projects are organic, evolving in an inevitable, inevitable way” – obviously, this means no process. outside of organic architecture. The building becomes a cell of the environment, can only exist under specific circumstances, and cannot be dismantled or reassembled anywhere else. This both goes against the direction of his time and detaches from the philosophy of standardization.Louis Kahn and spiritual values

Louis Kahn. Ảnh © Lionel Freedman

Architect Louis Kahn. Photo © Lionel Freedman

Architect Louis Kahn spent most of his time in academia and research, so he started his career relatively late. His early architectural studies were led by a French professor who helped him master the concepts of Beaux-Arts architectural style. This architectural foundation encouraged Louis Kahn to seek inspiration from history. Many consider him the ultimate architect of modernism, and many consider him a pioneer of the postmodern movement. But anyway, Kahn reinterpreted the past, not copied it.

Jatiyo Sangshad Bhaban, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Ảnh © Erkännande-Dela

Jatiyo Sangshad Bhaban, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Photo © Erkännande-Dela

Architectural methodology includes the process of drawing conclusions to propose a new ‘rational’ architecture based on past teachings. He always used the most truthful material possible. KTS always starts with square space as the basis for his design. “I use squares to work out solutions, because squares really don’t have to choose,” he explained. During development I will be looking for square removal effects. ” It can be said that the square evoked his architectural creativity, and helped him awaken his creativity when faced with obstacles. In fact, Louis Kahn’s whole process can be summed up as follows: choosing a simple form, a practical material, the spatial bonding method and interpreting it with natural light.

Institute of Management Ahmedabad. Ảnh © Cemal Emden
Institute of Management Ahmedabad. Photo © Cemal EmdenIn order to create a space with features such as those suitable for modern architecture, the architect establishes the architectural system and volume at the center of the layout. Finally, the architect said that architecture is a collection of simple elements that react to each other, coexist through the reflection of light. On the other hand, he further explained that the room was “the beginning of architecture. It is the place of the mind. You stand in a room of its own size, its own structure, its own light and react to its character and its spirit, and realize that everything man proposes and creates is filled with life. The structure of the room must be displayed in the room.
I believe structure is a light source. A square room needs its own light to represent a square. That room will want to receive light from above or from four sides, from windows or entrances. ” The spiritual value of the space mentioned in Kahn’s method is the deciding factor for the materials used, the entrances created, the selected colors, the distance between the elements, the proportions. , et cetera. This is a question about the value and quality of functionality consistent with modern architecture.

Source: HD | Archdaily