Architectural styles Gothique, Byzantine, Roman … are artistic features expressing the style of an era. The magnificent works bearing these architectures still stand to this day.
1. Gothic architecture
The stunning beauty of a Gothic cathedral
Born after Roman architecture, Gothic architecture (also known as Francigenum Opus, meaning French work), began to develop from the second half of the Middle Ages in Western Europe. Roman and Gothic are two styles of Medieval architecture.
Modern Gothic-style buildings
Beginning in 1200 AD, Europeans began to build this system of churches and palaces in this artful style. Gothic architectural style favored pointed roof, designed with many windows.
Up to now, many magnificent works in the world in Gothic style have been recognized by Unesco as a world cultural heritage.
A Gothic church in Meisenheim, Germany
The massive beauty of the cathedral was built in Gothic style
Inside a Gothic style cathedral
The dome of the church follows Gothic architecture
2. Byzantine architecture
Typical of the Byzantine architecture is a circular dome with large passages, the window panes are designed so that light filtered through the plasterboard shines down into the vast interior space.
The dome of the church follows Byzantine architecture
Byzantine architecture is the style of Constantinople, the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire (also known as the Byzantine empire) from the 4th to the 15th centuries. Palatina Cathedral is a Byzantine architectural style typical of the world.
Inside the cathedral is the Byzantine architecture
These style built windows are designed to illuminate a large space inside
3. Roman architecture
Roman architecture is the architectural style of Central and Western Europe. Roman architecture was born in the 11th and 12th centuries, mainly in France, England, Italy, Belgium, and Spain. Roman style is more of a curved dome style with pillars showing sharpness. cunning, unique of Roman.
Nidaros Cathedral in a style combining Roman and Gothic
Works in Roman style
Column foot, column body of Roman architecture are very different, the columns are usually inverted in the shape, decorated with flowers or geometric shapes rolled together, sometimes at the top of the column decorated with human scenes. interesting.
Most important monasteries, churches, cathedrals in Europe are in Roman architectural style, such as Saint-Sernin church, Saint Étienne church.
Inside Saint-Sernin church
4. Renaissance architecture
Renaissance architecture (lasting from the 14th to 17th centuries in Europe) bears a strong religion, especially Christianity.
Many priceless works of the Renaissance geniuses have built and developed architectural styles in sculpture, building the ultimate for mankind.
The architect, famous painter of the Renaissance must mention Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael and Michelangelo …
This architectural style is strongly reflected in the leading architectural works in the world which still exist today such as Pazzi Temple, Medici castle, Capitole square …
5. Baroque architecture
Baroque architecture (Baroque) appeared in Italy in the late 17th century. Baroque architecture was inspired by Renaissance architecture but in a new style, eloquent and theatrical.
A baroque style cathedral
The oval shape is the main architectural style that requires meticulousness, detail and intricacy.
The oval is the dominant shape of Baroque architecture
The splendid beauty of a Baroque style cathedral
A cathedral built in the style of Baroque architecture
In addition to the 5 typical architectural styles above, many beautiful works in the world also follow Morocian architectural styles, Art Nouveau art architecture, Art Deco art architecture, ancient Greek architecture, Rococo architecture , modern architecture, neo-classical architecture, post-modern architecture, Russian architecture, Buddhist architecture ….